Considering the Transition to Remote Departments
Health IT is untethering HIM departments from the organization’s four walls. The benefits are there, but the change affects nearly every HIM operation.
by Cheryl Servais, MPH, RHIA
The same computer systems and Internet-derived technologies that support electronic health records (EHRs) enable HIM departments to be physically removed from provider organizations and exist as remote, “virtual” departments. Virtual departments offer organizations operational, financial, and staffing advantages as well as improvements in levels of service.
However, like the change from paper and film-based health records to digital EHRs, the change from an on-site to a virtual HIM department must be viewed as a transition. It requires time measured in months and strategic planning measured in intensive effort. HIM departments that represent a mix of virtual and tethered HIM functions will be the norm for the immediate future.
An organization’s decision to transition to a virtual HIM department will depend on its analysis of core functions that currently are, or can be, performed remotely and how it weighs the issues related to each.
Staffing the Virtual Department
Ultimately the HIM department can be coordinated from various remote locations for one facility or with one central location that supports multiple sites.
The remaining on-site department only requires a person to answer questions from facility staff and the public. If old paper records still exist, staff will be needed to retrieve, file, and maintain them (although an off-site storage company could assume this responsibility). Depending on the technologies used to create the EHR, there might be the need for an on-site staff person to scan and index paper documents into a digital scanning system.
Virtual staffing offers organizations several financial advantages. The first is a savings in space. An on-site department only needs room for one or two desks, one or two file cabinets, a computer, a printer, digital scanner, fax machine, and photocopy machine (or perhaps a multifunction printer/scanner/fax/photocopier device). All other equipment and furniture are maintained at the sites of the remote workers.
A department untethered from a single location also increases the opportunity for more efficient use of staff. Organizations with multiple facilities can use a remote staff to perform tasks for more than one provider or facility. In addition, using remote staff, especially from a vendor, may allow the facility to pay only for those staff hours needed to handle current volumes. Organizations no longer need to staff for volume peaks or pay high overtime rates.
Remote work also offers advantages to staff, including increased employee satisfaction. Many workers prefer to work from home because they can save on clothes and transportation. They gain the time formerly spent commuting to and from the office. Home-based workers may have more flexible hours that accommodate personal and family needs.
Higher job satisfaction can reduce turnover, which lowers recruiting and training costs and minimizes disruption to daily workflow. Enabling remote work can help retain staff even if they move out of the area.
Virtual departments can also realize improved levels of service if they share expertise. Highly skilled staff for specialized functions or for management oversight can work across facilities. Centralizing HIM functions can also lead to benefits from standardized processes. Tasks standardized across facilities allow staff to move easily between them. This saves reinventing the wheel at each facility and improves efficiency.
Cautions for Virtual Staffing
Virtual staffing with remote workers may not work for every facility. In some organizations, issues may require negotiation with union representatives. In others, departments that have not yet transitioned to off-site workers—or cannot transition—may have concerns because their functions must be performed on-site.
Virtual staffing may weaken ties between individuals and departments. If some HIM staff members have established close working relationships with members of other departments or the medical staff, those outside the department may feel a sense of loss when their “buddy” is transitioned to a home office. Interdepartmental relationships also may weaken or deteriorate altogether.
Remote employees may feel a sense of loss, also. They may feel like outsiders and lose loyalty to the department or institution. In addition, they may lose visibility or influence. Because they are not seen daily, staff may not be invited to meetings or participate in other forms of discussion related to HIM functions. The sense of team spirit may be lost.
What to Consider
Transitioning to a virtual HIM department will likely happen in phases. However, before beginning the organization must consider the entire scope of the change.
Clearly, organizations must assess the advantages and disadvantages of the transition to determine if it makes good business sense. The decision must align with the organization’s mission, business plan, and strategic objectives.
Discussions should involve all parties potentially affected by the change so that all issues and concerns can be addressed. The goals and objectives of moving to a virtual department should be clearly communicated.
Current Function Assessment
Considering the impact of a remote department requires that the organization clearly understand all the functions carried out by the HIM department and how these various functions interact with IT systems. A matrix listing the functions and the electronic patient information systems accessed by each function can help organize this review (see the sample grid below).
The organization should review its current policies and procedures to assess how interaction occurs among departments and functions (e.g., continuously, as in coding; occasionally, as in research studies). It should determine any function that still requires access to old paper records, such as release of information.
Managers can remain on-site or transition off-site as well. In either case, they will need to communicate via teleconferences, e-mail, instant messaging, and possibly additional means. Managers can review quality, productivity, and other department metrics by monitoring work queues or sampling completed work. Becoming virtual may require different arrangements for the orientation of new staff and ongoing education of existing staff.
If the virtual department would serve multiple facilities, one manager may be able to cover a particular function or several functions for all facilities.
If a function is outsourced to a vendor, certain line managers may not be needed. However, a strong executive, such as the HIM director, will be needed to manage the vendors and ensure they meet all contract standards and provisions.
Virtual departments offer benefits in both staffing and employee satisfaction, as discussed above. However, the change to remote work is dramatic, and the impact will affect different employees differently.
Not all on-site staff may have the personality to work remotely. At-home workers must be self-disciplined and self-motivated. They must be able to work alone. Loss of social interaction is one of the major reasons some employees decide to stop working remotely.
The organization must decide if it will require all employees to work remotely or make working at home optional. It also must decide if an employee who initially decides to work from home can change his or her mind and return to an on-site position.
The decision to transition a function or an entire department to a remote operation provides management with an opportunity to reconsider its staffing model. It may choose to retain all employees or use a vendor to perform some or all department functions remotely.
Transitioning on-site functions to a remote or virtual environment will affect nearly every current facility operation. It will also introduce new issues that facilities have not had to consider with in-house operations. The following outline touches on many of the questions organizations must answer, and it illustrates the reach that transition to a virtual department has on operations.
Equipment and office set-up for remote staff
(Note: If the function is outsourced, the supplies and equipment are provided at the expense of the vendor.)
References, resources, and continuing education
(Note: if functions are outsourced to a vendor, union issues must be discussed, because the vendor may not fall under the union’s jurisdiction.)
Requests for records
Cheryl Servais (email@example.com) is vice president of compliance and privacy officer at Precyse Solutions.